New supercomputer simulations by Berkeley Lab climate scientists show that climate change intensified the amount of rainfall in recent hurricanes by 5 to 10 percent. They also found that if those hurricanes were to occur in a future world that is warmer than present, those storms would have even more rainfall and stronger winds.
Climate scientists have not been properly accounting for what plants do at night, and that, it turns out, is a mistake. A new study from Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory has found that plant nutrient uptake in the absence of photosynthesis affects greenhouse gas emissions to the atmosphere.
To help foster the broad applicability of high-intensity lasers, Berkeley Lab is a partner in a new research network called LaserNetUS. The network will provide U.S. scientists increased access to the unique high-intensity laser facilities at the Lab’s BELLA Center and at eight other institutions.
Researchers have developed an artificial photosynthesis device called a “hybrid photoelectrochemical and voltaic cell” that turns sunlight and water into two types of energy – hydrogen fuel and electricity.
New pre-exascale system, slated to be delivered in 2020, will be named ‘Perlmutter’ in honor of Lab’s Nobel Prize-Winning astrophysicist.
An acrylic vessel with 12-foot-tall transparent tanks with 1-inch-thick walls provides a new window into the search for dark matter. The tanks, which will surround a central detector for a mile-deep experiment under construction in South Dakota called LUX-ZEPLIN (LZ), will be filled with liquid that produces tiny flashes of light in some particle interactions.
How worried should we be about air pollution from a wildfire? Where can information about air quality be found? Do respirators and masks help? Berkeley Lab indoor air experts Brett Singer and Woody Delp answer these questions and more in a Q&A on the affects of recent fires on the air we breathe.
One in 10 Americans depend on the Colorado River for bathing and drinking. Last fall’s record-high temps reduced Colorado snowpack to 66 percent of normal, sparking concern over water shortages and leaving water managers fearful of a repeat. A Berkeley Lab scientist explains how unseasonably warm weather and drought can affect water quality.
Egyptian blue, derived from calcium copper silicate, was routinely used on ancient depictions of gods and royalty. Previous studies have shown that when Egyptian blue absorbs visible light, it then emits light in the near-infrared range. Now a team has confirmed the pigment’s fluorescence can be 10 times stronger than previously thought.
Berkeley Lab will receive $30 million to build and operate an Advanced Quantum Testbed to explore superconducting quantum processors and evaluate how these emerging quantum devices can be utilized to advance scientific research. Berkeley Lab and MIT Lincoln Laboratory will deploy different quantum processor architectures.