In 2012, the U.S. experienced the warmest spring on record, and severest drought since the Dust Bowl. Scientists — interested in the carbon flux between vegetation and the atmosphere during extreme climate events — used a network of 22 carbon-sensing towers to map flux across the nation during 2012.
The women in Mazvihwa grow their vegetables near the river to irrigate the crops, but they must carry buckets down the steep riverbanks to fill them and then back up 30-foot slopes with the buckets on their heads. Earth scientist Naama Raz-Yaseef is helping them develop a more efficient watering system.
Cassava is a staple crop for nearly a billion people around the world. A team including researchers with the Lab’s Joint Genome Institute has described cassava’s genetic diversity. With this information, scientists hope to apply advanced breeding strategies that can improve cassava’s resistance to diseases and improve crop yields.
Plug loads, or devices that plug into the wall, are responsible for at least 25 percent of electricity use in California buildings. Now the Lab has launched three research projects funded by the California Energy Commission to address this challenge and potentially save California as much as 13 terawatt-hours per year.
The new tree, to be published in the journal Nature Microbiology, reinforces once again that the life we see around us — plants, animals, humans and other so-called eukaryotes — represent a tiny percentage of the world’s biodiversity. The work was led by Jill Banfield of the Lab’s Climate and Ecosystem Sciences Division.