A new study, led by a theoretical physicist at Berkeley Lab, suggests that never-before-observed particles called axions may be the source of unexplained, high-energy X-ray emissions surrounding a group of neutron stars.
Before DESI, the Dark Energy Spectroscopic Instrument, can begin its 5-year mission from an Arizona mountaintop to produce the largest 3D sky map yet, researchers first needed an even bigger 2D map of the universe.
A team of researcher from Berkeley Lab and the University of Columbia has developed a new class of crystalline material called avalanching nanoparticles (ANPs) that, when used as a microscopic probe, overcomes the diffraction limit without heavy computation or a super-resolution microscope. This could lead to simple, high-resolution bioimaging in real time.
A team of biologists who banded together to support COVID-19 science determined the atomic structure of a coronavirus protein thought to help the pathogen evade and dampen response from human immune cells. This laid the groundwork for new antiviral treatments and enabled further investigations into how the newly emerged virus ravages the human body.
As the planet continues to warm, the twin challenges of diminishing water supply and growing energy demand are intensifying. But how to improve one without making the other worse? A team of researchers has developed a science-based analytic framework to evaluate the complex connections between water and energy, and options for adaptations in response to an evolving climate.
A team based at Berkeley Lab’s Advanced Light Source is making waves with its new approach for whole-cell visualization, using the world’s first soft X-ray tomography (SXT) microscope built for biological and biomedical research. In its latest study, the team used its platform to reveal never-before-seen details about insulin secretion in pancreatic cells taken from rats.
The pandemic dominated the news cycle this year, so it’s no surprise that research to combat the virus was among the Lab’s top 10 science stories in 2020, which also included urgent (wildfire smoke monitors), astounding (Nobel prize), and intriguing (crush-resistant beetles) news stories.
A team led by Berkeley Lab’s Molecular Foundry has designed and synthesized an effective material for speeding up one of the limiting steps in extracting hydrogen from alcohols. This advance will help to make hydrogen a viable energy source for a wide range of applications, including stationary power and portable power applications.
Researchers from Berkeley Lab and Los Alamos National Laboratory have developed new methods for the large-scale production, purification, and use of the radioisotope cerium-134, which could serve as a PET imaging radioisotope for a highly targeted cancer treatment known as alpha-particle therapy.
The Daya Bay Reactor Neutrino Experiment – which made a precise measurement of an important neutrino property eight years ago, setting the stage for a new round of experiments and discoveries about these hard-to-study particles – has finished taking data. Now analyzation of these measurements begins.