Mice have been instrumental in the study of cancer, but for stomach cancer in particular, mice have historically been regarded as poor research organisms because rodents rarely develop spontaneous stomach tumors. But results from a new study are about to shake up the paradigm.
A team of researchers working at Berkeley Lab has discovered the strongest topological conductor yet, in the form of thin crystal samples that have a spiral-staircase structure. The team’s result is reported in the March 20 edition of the journal Nature.
With an estimated daily fuel demand of more than 5 million barrels per day, the global aviation sector is incredibly energy-intensive and almost entirely reliant on petroleum-based fuels. But a new analysis by Berkeley Lab shows that sustainable plant-based bio-jet fuels could be competitive with conventional fuels.
Researchers at Berkeley Lab have developed a platform that uses living cells as “scaffolds” for building self-assembled composite materials. The technology could open the door to self-healing materials and other advanced applications in bioelectronics, biosensing, and smart materials.
New research from Berkeley Lab shows how the long-horned passalid beetle has a hardy digestive tract with microbes to thank for turning its woody diet into energy, food for its young, and nutrients for forest growth. These insights provide a roadmap for the production of affordable, nature-derived fuels and bioproducts.
Nothing is perfect, or so the saying goes, and that’s not always a bad thing. In a recent study, Berkeley Lab scientists learned how nanoscale defects can enhance the properties of tungsten disulfide, an ultrathin, so-called 2D material.
Berkeley Lab researchers have made it easier than ever to study microbial communities — microorganisms living in the air, soil, and water that can influence climate and the environment — by creating an optimized DNA analysis technique.
A simple method developed by a Berkeley Lab-led team could turn ordinary semiconducting materials into quantum machines – superthin devices with extraordinary electronic behavior. Such an advancement could help to revolutionize industries aiming for energy-efficient electronic systems, and provide a platform for exotic new physics.
Researchers have created a nanoscale “playground” on a chip that simulates the formation of exotic magnetic particles called “monopoles.” The study could unlock the secrets to ever-smaller, more powerful memory devices, microelectronics, and next-generation hard drives that employ the power of magnetic spin to store data.
Combining a first laser pulse to heat up and “drill” through a plasma, and another to accelerate electrons to incredibly high energies in just tens of centimeters, scientists have nearly doubled the previous record for laser-driven particle acceleration at Berkeley Lab’s BELLA Center.