Cosmologists have found a way to double the accuracy of measuring distances to supernova explosions – one of their tried-and-true tools for studying the mysterious dark energy that is making the universe expand faster and faster.
In the third installment of the Basics2Breakthroughs video series, Jonelle Basso is getting to the root of plant-microbe interactions which can lead to more efficient and sustainable crops that produce food, plant-based biofuels, and bioproducts. Watch this video and previous episodes on the 90th anniversary website.
The soil, microbes, air, and water surrounding every individual plant is actually a bustling miniature environment that can tell us a great deal about important, large-scale ecological processes. Our scientists have developed a ground-breaking new way to study it.
Researchers discovered how to use ion beams to create long strings of “color center” qubits in diamond. Creating large numbers of high-quality quantum bits (qubits), close enough for coupling to each other, is one of quantum computing’s great challenges. In the future, these strings could be created at facilities like the Berkeley Lab Laser Accelerator Center.
Plastics are ubiquitous, but they’re not practical. Less than 10% are recycled, and the other ~8 billion tons are creating a pollution crisis. A Berkeley Lab team is determined to change that. A new analysis shows producing and recycling their game-changing new plastic could be easy and cheap enough to leave old plastics in the dust.
In this Q&A, Berkeley Lab researcher Hanna Breunig explains techno-economic analysis and how she uses it to help make negative emissions technologies — which remove carbon dioxide from the air or other sources or enhance natural carbon sinks, such as forests and soil — more competitive and impactful.
Scientists at Berkeley Lab and UC Berkeley have designed an enzyme-activated compostable plastic that could diminish microplastics pollution. Household tap water or soil composts break the hybrid plastic material down to small molecules, called monomers, in just a few days or weeks.
A new study by a team including researchers from Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and UC Berkeley reports that the social cost of methane – a greenhouse gas that is 30 times as potent as carbon dioxide in its ability to trap heat – varies by as much as an order of magnitude between industrialized and developing regions of the world.
To celebrate Berkeley Lab’s nine decades of transforming discovery science into solutions that benefit the world, we are rolling out 90 breakthroughs over the next several months. Enjoy this tour of some of the many game-changing discoveries developed at Berkeley Lab over the years.