A team of Berkeley scientists has discovered a new route to ultrahigh density, ultracompact integrated photonic circuitry. The researchers have developed a technique for effectively controlling pulses of light in closely packed nanoscale waveguides, an essential requirement for high-performance optical communications and chip-scale quantum computing.
Lab researchers are developing a cell culture that could help better identify chemicals that increase breast cancer susceptibility. The scientists will grow the culture using adult stem cells obtained from breast tissue. Their test will show if a chemical causes a breakdown in cell-to-cell communication, a fundamental defect of cancer.
A multi-institutional team of researchers, including scientists from Berkeley Lab, have used a new scanning electron microscopy technique to resolve the unique atomic structure at the surface of a material. This new technique holds promise for the study of catalysis, corrosion and other critical chemical reactions.
Since their discovery in the 1980s, these remarkable nanoparticles have held out tantalizing prospects for all kinds of new technologies, from solar cells to quantum computer chips, biological markers, and even lasers and communications technologies. But there’s a problem: Quantum dots often blink.
Berkeley Lab researchers have developed a catalytic process for converting sugarcane biomass into a new class of aviation fuel and lubricant base oils that could help biorefineries achieve net life-cycle greenhouse gas savings of up to 80-percent. The work was conducted at the Energy Biosciences Institute.
A group of scientists from the Atmospheric Measurement Research (ARM) Climate Research Facility will crisscross Alaska’s North Slope in an airplane this summer to study trace gas concentrations, aerosols and cloud properties and learn why current climate models underestimate how rapidly the Arctic is getting warmer.
Scientists at the Large Hadron Collider at CERN began recording data from the highest-energy particle collisions ever achieved on Earth. The data will enable an international collaboration of researchers to study the Higgs boson, search for dark matter and develop a more complete understanding of the laws of nature.
There’s an urgent demand for new antimicrobial compounds that are effective against constantly emerging drug-resistant bacteria. Now, two robotic chemical-synthesizing machines at the Molecular Foundry have joined the search. Their specialty is creating custom nanoscale structures that mimic nature’s proven design—they’re also fast.