How do gas masks work? Berkeley Lab scientists are using X-rays to study how gas masks developed during World War I are able to handle modern chemical warfare agents. What they learn could eventually lead to more advanced gas masks for both military and civilian use.
A team of earth scientists has shown for the first time that dark fiber — the vast network of unused fiber optic cables installed throughout the country and the world — can be used as sensors for detecting earthquakes, the presence of groundwater, changes in permafrost conditions, and a variety of other subsurface activity.
Technologies that help determine how solar energy affects the grid, benchmark energy savings for low-carbon cities, understand the functions of genes in microbes under different environmental conditions, and simulate how chemical reactions occur and change as fluids travel underground, have received annual R&D 100 awards.
Stripes can be found everywhere, from zebras roaming in the wild to the latest fashion statement. In the world of microscopic physics, periodic stripe patterns can be formed by electrons within so-called quantum materials.
Susan Hubbard has spent a decade studying Sonoma County’s riverbank infiltration system. She and Michelle Newcomer were turning their attention to investigating how extreme events, such as storms and wildfires, affect the groundwater, when disaster struck last month. Now their research has become even more critical.
A new study has revealed a chain mail-like woven microstructure that gives parrotfish teeth their remarkable ability to chomp on coral all day long – the structure could serve as a blueprint for designing ultra-durable synthetic materials.
The Lab has donated $15,000 to the California State University East Bay Institute for STEM Education’s Centers for Interdisciplinary Research and Collaborative Learning Labs program. This marks the second annual “signature” contribution to an organization that shares the Lab’s values.
In search of new plant enzymes? Try looking in compost. Researchers at JBEI have demonstrated the importance of microbial communities as a source of stable enzymes that could be used to convert plants to biofuels. This approach yields robust enzymes that researchers can’t easily obtain from isolates.
A fresh analysis of particle-collider data, co-led by Berkeley Lab physicists, limits some of the hiding places for one type of theorized particle — the dark photon, also known as the heavy photon — that was proposed to help explain the mystery of dark matter.
Scientists have come up with a set of rules for making new disordered materials, a process that had previously been driven by trial-and-error. They also found a way to incorporate fluorine, which makes the material both more stable and have higher capacity.