As part of an international collaboration, Berkeley Lab scientists have helped create the coldest cubic meter in the universe. The chamber—roughly the size of a vending machine—was chilled to -273.144 degrees Celsius in preparation for an experiment to study neutrinos, ghostlike particles that could hold the key to the existence of matter.
In the on-going effort to develop advanced biofuels as a clean, green and sustainable source of liquid transportation fuels, researchers at DOE’s Joint BioEnergy Institute (JBEI) have identified microbial genes that can improve both the tolerance and production of biogasoline in engineered strains of Escherichia coli.
Inaugurated with help from U.S. Department of Energy Secretary Ernest Moniz, Berkeley Lab’s new General Purpose Laboratory will be devoted to materials sciences and energy storage research, as well as to key biosciences programs. Among the building’s new tenants will be the Joint Center for Energy Storage Research.
Using extremely faint light from galaxies 10.8-billion light years away, scientists have created one of the most complete, three-dimensional maps of a slice of the adolescent universe. The map shows a web of hydrogen gas that varies from low to high density at a time when the universe was made of a fraction of the dark matter we see today.
Berkeley Lab researchers, working under the JCESR Energy Hub, used supercomputer simulations to dispel a popular misconception about magnesium-ion batteries that should help advance the development of multivalent ion battery technology.
By combining data from two high-energy accelerators, nuclear scientists have refined the measurement of a remarkable property of exotic matter known as quark-gluon plasma. The findings reveal new aspects of the ultra-hot, “perfect fluid” that give clues to the state of the young universe just microseconds after the big bang.
When Berkeley Lab Engineering Division director Kem Robinson heard about Project SEARCH, a national program that helps adults with developmental disabilities get employed, he thought it was perfect for the Lab, which has a strong commitment to inclusion and diversity. He was right.
The Dark Energy Survey kicked off its second season, snapping shots of deep space with its 570-megapixel camera mounted on the Victor M. Blanco Telescope in Chile. Berkeley Lab designed and fabricated all 62 of the CCDs in the camera, which will be used over the survey’s five-year mission to investigate dark energy and its impact of our universe.