An international team, led by Berkeley Lab scientists, has demonstrated a breakthrough in the design and function of nanoparticles that could make solar panels more efficient by converting light usually missed by solar cells into usable energy.
Several fields of research have sprung up around the chemical drivers, called catalysts, at work in many industrial processes — including those that boost the production of fuels, fertilizers, and foods — and there is a growing interest in coordinating these research activities to create new, hybrid catalysts with enhanced performance.
In collaboration with the American Wind Energy Association and the U.S. Geological Survey, Lab researchers have released the most comprehensive publicly available database yet of U.S. wind turbine locations and characteristics. The database will allow unparalleled ability for government agencies and others to make planning decisions.
A Berkeley Lab research team tracked a rise in the warming effect of methane — one of the most important greenhouse gases for the Earth’s atmosphere — over a 10-year period at a Department of Energy field observation site in northern Oklahoma.
Using data from more than 10 million taxi trips, researchers analyzed the cost, energy, and environmental implications of self-driving electric vehicles in Manhattan. The vehicles could get the job done at a lower cost than present-day taxis while also reducing greenhouse gas emissions and energy consumption.
Scientists have developed a process for creating ultrathin, self-assembling sheets of synthetic materials that can function like designer flypaper in selectively binding with viruses, bacteria, and other pathogens. The new platform could potentially be used to inactivate or detect pathogens.
Energy Secretary Rick Perry toured Lab facilities and learned about the Lab’s research and history during a visit on March 27. He addressed employees at a town hall meeting, during which he said he was “proud” to be part of the national lab system,” and that serving as the DOE secretary is the “coolest” job he’s ever had.
Berkeley Lab scientists have developed a way to print 3-D structures composed entirely of liquids. Using a modified 3-D printer, they injected threads of water into silicone oil — sculpting tubes made of one liquid within another liquid.
Scientists working on the MAJORANA DEMONSTRATOR experiment have shown that they can shield a sensitive, scalable germanium detector array from background radioactivity, a critical step to developing a large experiment to study the nature of neutrinos and probe the universe’s matter-antimatter imbalance.
Researchers at Joint BioEnergy Institute and Berkeley Lab have discovered a new enzyme that will enable microbial production of a renewable alternative to petroleum-based toluene, a widely used octane booster in gasoline that has a global market of 29 million tons per year.