In search of new plant enzymes? Try looking in compost. Researchers at JBEI have demonstrated the importance of microbial communities as a source of stable enzymes that could be used to convert plants to biofuels. This approach yields robust enzymes that researchers can’t easily obtain from isolates.
A fresh analysis of particle-collider data, co-led by Berkeley Lab physicists, limits some of the hiding places for one type of theorized particle — the dark photon, also known as the heavy photon — that was proposed to help explain the mystery of dark matter.
Scientists have come up with a set of rules for making new disordered materials, a process that had previously been driven by trial-and-error. They also found a way to incorporate fluorine, which makes the material both more stable and have higher capacity.
Plant biologists have reconstructed the evolutionary history of photosynthesis to provide new insight into the yet-unfolding story of its origins. Studies of anoxygenic photosynthesis are crucial to understanding how early microbial metabolisms may have influenced the geochemical cycles of the plant.
The first glimpse of data from the full array of a deeply chilled particle detector operating beneath a mountain in Italy sets the most precise limits yet on where scientists might find a theorized process to help explain why there is more matter than antimatter in the universe.
The energy and climate benefits of cool roofs have been well established. Now a new study by Pouya Vahmani and Andrew Jones of EESA has found that cool roofs can also save water by reducing how much is needed for urban irrigation. By reducing air temperatures, cool roofs can reduce outdoor water use by as much as 9 percent.
A Berkeley Lab-led research team has discovered a surprising set of chemical reactions involving magnesium that degrade battery performance even before the battery can be charged up. The findings could steer the design of next-gen batteries.
As a Lab researcher Daojing Wang developed a multinozzle emitter array, a silicon chip that can dramatically shorten the time it takes to identify molecular components within small volumes of biological samples, such as blood or urine. He launched Newomics Inc. to further develop the technology and build a platform for personalized healthcare.
Scientists were recently treated to near-simultaneous observations by separate instruments: One set of Earth-based detectors measured the signature of a cataclysmic event sending ripples through the fabric of space-time, and another detected the gamma-ray signature of a high-energy outburst emanating from the same region of the sky.
While hydrogen is often talked about as a pollution-free fuel of the future, especially for use in fuel cell electric vehicles, hydrogen can be used for much more than zero-emission cars. In fact, from enhancing the flexibility of the grid to greening agriculture, hydrogen could play a major role in a clean and resilient energy system.