Since the polio vaccine was introduced in the 1950s, one of the most dreaded diseases in history has been all but eradicated. Are there other scientific breakthroughs that could have an equally transformative impact on global human development, and if so, what are they?
Berkeley Lab’s quantum dots have not only found their way into tablets, computer screens, and TVs, they are also used in biological and medical imaging tools, and now Paul Alivisatos’ lab is exploring them for solar cell as well as brain imaging applications.
The lithium-ion batteries that mobilize our electronic devices need to be improved if they are to power electric vehicles or store electrical energy for the grid. Berkeley Lab researchers looking for a better understanding of liquid electrolyte may have found a pathway forward.
Berkeley Lab researchers used an electric field to reverse the magnetization direction in a multiferroic spintronic device at room temperature, a demonstration that points a new way towards spintronics and smaller, faster and cheaper ways of storing and processing data.
A key discovery to understanding Roman architectural concrete that has stood the test of time and the elements for nearly two thousand years has been made by researchers using beams of X-rays at Berkeley Lab’s Advanced Light Source.
With a specially outfitted research van, equipped with sophisticated monitors to detect several pollutant types, a team of Berkeley Lab scientists is studying emission levels from diesel trucks to analyze the impact of new control technologies and California air pollution regulations.
A Berkeley Lab experiment, scheduled to go aboard the International Space Station, will shed light on how biological systems respond to changes in gravity and radiation. NASA researchers can use this knowledge to understand how tissue development and reproductive ability respond to space travel.
With help from Berkeley Lab’s Advanced Light Source, scientists from UCLA recently designed a cage made of proteins. The nano-sized cage, which boasts a record breaking 225-angstrom outside diameter, could lead to new biomaterials and new ways to deliver drugs inside cells.
Synthetic biology may hold the key to long-termed manned explorations of Mars and the Moon. Berkeley Lab researchers show that biomanufacturing based on microbes could make travel to and settlement of extraterrestrial locations more practical and bearable.