Berkeley Lab researchers have developed a 12-gene score tied to the odds of relapse-free breast cancer survival. The scoring system is based on an analysis of large genomic datasets and patient data, and it could eventually be developed for clinical use.
Researchers based their findings on a field experiment that explored what happens to organic carbon trapped in soil when all soil layers are warmed. Much of the CO2 originated from deeper layers, indicating that deeper stores of carbon are more sensitive to warming than previously thought.
In just two years, Berkeley Lab and Caltech scientists have nearly doubled the number of materials known to have potential for use in solar fuels. They did so by developing a process that promises to speed the discovery of commercially viable generation of solar fuels.
Mars may have been a wetter place than previously thought, according to research on simulated Martian meteorites conducted, in part, at the Lab’s Advanced Light Source. A mineral found in Martian meteorites may have originally been a hydrogen-containing mineral that could indicate a more water-rich history for the Red Planet.
The California Energy Commission has awarded $2.7 million to Berkeley Lab for two geothermal projects. The projects, which will take place at The Geysers, could make geothermal energy more cost-effective to deploy and operate.
NASA and Berkeley Lab researchers have teamed up to explore next-generation spacecraft materials at the microscale using an X-ray technique that produces 3-D images. This work could help ensure future spacecraft survive the rigors of otherworldly atmospheres.
A new Berkeley Lab study shows that high-resolution simulations captured tropical cyclones and waves that low-resolution ones missed. Better extreme wave forecasts are important for coastal cities, the military, and the shipping industry.
The race is on to build the most sensitive U.S.-based experiment designed to directly detect dark matter particles. Department of Energy officials have formally approved a key construction milestone that will propel the project toward its April 2020 goal for completion.
Berkeley Lab researchers found that the sticky residue left behind by tobacco smoke led to changes in weight and blood cell count in mice. These latest findings add to a growing body of evidence that thirdhand smoke exposure may be harmful.
Scientists used one of the world’s most powerful electron microscopes at the Molecular Foundry to map all 23,000 atoms in an iron-platinum nanoparticle. Insights gained from the particle’s structure could help boost its magnetic performance for use in high-density, next-generation hard drives.