By using advanced lighting and automated shades, Berkeley Lab scientists found that occupants on one floor of a high-rise office building in New York City — as part of a “living lab” were able to reduce lighting energy usage by nearly 80 percent in some areas.
India is pushing hard to electrify its automobile market, aiming to sell only electric vehicles (EVs) by 2030. A new report by scientists at Berkeley Lab has found that the prospective EV expansion will deliver economic benefits, help integrate renewable energy, and significantly reduce imports of foreign oil.
The new $9 million project aims to remove technical barriers to commercialization of enhanced geothermal systems (EGS), a clean energy technology with the potential to power 100 million American homes. Berkeley Lab will partner with seven other national labs to develop field experiments focused on understanding and modeling rock fractures.
A new algorithmic framework called M-TIP helps researchers determine the molecular structure of proteins and viruses from X-ray free electron laser data, which is crucial in fields like biology and medicine.
A new look inside 2,000-year-old concrete – made from volcanic ash, lime, and seawater – has provided new clues to the evolving chemistry and mineral cements that allow ancient harbor structures to withstand the test of time. The research has also inspired a hunt for the original recipe so that modern concrete manufacturers can do as the Romans did.
Researchers at the Joint BioEnergy Institute, in collaboration with the Joint Genome Institute, are reporting the first whole-genome sequence of a mutant population of Kitaake, a model variety of rice. Their high-density, high-resolution catalog of mutations facilitates the discovery of novel genes and functional elements that control diverse biological pathways.
It turns out your skin is crawling with single-celled microorganisms — and they’re not just bacteria. Researchers collaborated on a study that found that the skin microbiome also contains archaea, a type of extreme-loving microbe, and that the amount of it varies with age.
Electrostatic forces known as phosphate steering help guide the actions of an enzyme called FEN1 that is critical in DNA replication and repair, a new study finds. The findings help explain how FEN1 distinguishes which strands of DNA to target, revealing key details on a vital process in healthy cells, and providing new directions for cancer treatment research.
A global hunt for the universe’s missing matter is underway, and this autumn everyone is invited to join in. On and around Oct. 31, events around the world will celebrate the hunt for the universe’s unseen “dark matter.” Events will engage the public in discussions about dark matter, and about the many experiments that seek to solve its mysteries.
The semiconductors can emit multiple, bright colors from a single nanowire at resolutions as small as 500 nanometers, and could usher in a new generation of high-definition displays, optoelectronic devices, photodetectors, and more.The work could challenge quantum dot displays that rely upon traditional semiconductor nanocrystals to emit light.