A key discovery to understanding Roman architectural concrete that has stood the test of time and the elements for nearly two thousand years has been made by researchers using beams of X-rays at Berkeley Lab’s Advanced Light Source.
With a specially outfitted research van, equipped with sophisticated monitors to detect several pollutant types, a team of Berkeley Lab scientists is studying emission levels from diesel trucks to analyze the impact of new control technologies and California air pollution regulations.
A Berkeley Lab experiment, scheduled to go aboard the International Space Station, will shed light on how biological systems respond to changes in gravity and radiation. NASA researchers can use this knowledge to understand how tissue development and reproductive ability respond to space travel.
Using one of the most powerful lasers in the world, Berkeley Lab researchers have accelerated subatomic particles to the highest energies ever recorded. They used an emerging class of compact particle accelerator that physicists believe can shrink traditional, miles-long accelerators to machines that can fit on a table.
Joint BioEnergy Institute (JBEI) researchers have refined an engineered strain of E.coli. that can convert glucose into significant quantities of methyl ketones, a class of chemical compounds primarily used for fragrances and flavors, but highly promising as clean, green and renewable blending agents for diesel fuel.
A Berkeley Lab study has determined that proper copper levels are essential to the health of a brain at rest. The results suggest that mismanagement of copper in the brain linked to Alzheimer’s and other neurological disorders can also contribute to misregulation of signaling in cell−to-cell communications.
With help from Berkeley Lab’s Advanced Light Source, scientists from UCLA recently designed a cage made of proteins. The nano-sized cage, which boasts a record breaking 225-angstrom outside diameter, could lead to new biomaterials and new ways to deliver drugs inside cells.
Here’s another reason to pay close attention to microbes: Today’s climate models probably overestimate the amount of carbon that will be released from soil into the atmosphere as temperatures rise, according to a Berkeley Lab computer model that explores the feedbacks between microbes, carbon, and climate change.
Scientists have identified a mechanism that could be contributing to warming in the Arctic and melting sea ice. They found that open oceans are much less efficient than sea ice when emitting in the far-infrared region of the spectrum, a phenomenon that is likely contributing to polar climate warming.
Synthetic biology may hold the key to long-termed manned explorations of Mars and the Moon. Berkeley Lab researchers show that biomanufacturing based on microbes could make travel to and settlement of extraterrestrial locations more practical and bearable.