Biofuels are a strategic replacement for petroleum-based fuels that we use today. However, biofuels have so far not reached cost parity with conventional petroleum fuels. Researchers at the Lab are finding ways to reach parity by making the plants do some of the work.

Scientists around the world are joining together to study the coronavirus known as SARS-CoV-2 and to expedite the development of possible vaccines and treatments to prevent its infectious disease, named COVID-19.

While people hunker down in their homes to try to slow the advance of the COVID-19 virus and many services have decreased or stopped, two DOE user facilities continue to provide critical computing and networking resources to thousands of scientists, including some who are fighting the pandemic.

Extreme weather events – such as severe drought, storms, and heat waves – have been forecast to become more commonplace and are already starting to occur. What has been less studied is the impact on energy systems and how communities can avoid costly disruptions, such as partial or total blackouts.

Fiber optic cables are incredibly useful sensors. Berkeley Lab scientists have studied them for use in carbon sequestration, groundwater mapping, earthquake detection, and monitoring Arctic permafrost thaw. They will now add monitoring offshore wind operations and underground natural gas storage to that list.

In a machine learning challenge dubbed the 2020 Large Hadron Collider Olympics, a team of cosmologists from Berkeley Lab developed a code that best identified a mock signal hidden in simulated particle-collision data.

Berkeley Lab scientists have developed an artificial photosynthesis system, made of nanosized tubes, that appears capable of performing all the key steps of the fuel-generating reaction. Protons rapidly flow from inside the tube to the outside, where they combine with CO2 and electrons to form the fuel.

Researchers at three U.S. national laboratories have successfully built and tested a powerful new focusing magnet that represents a new use for niobium-tin, a superconducting material. The magnet set a record for the highest field strength ever recorded for an accelerator focusing magnet.

Can scientists understand human behavior enough to figure out what drives the choices you make? In fact, it’s called “decision science,” and it’s something that Anna Spurlock, a behavioral economist with Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, specializes in.

A California-based company called GraphAudio is moving toward commercializing graphene-based audio technology developed by researchers at Berkeley Lab and UC Berkeley in an effort to stimulate an audio revolution. The company’s goal is to use the licensed technology to manufacture graphene components that other companies incorporate in their products.