Chapter 57

STORM WATER POLLUTION PREVENTION

Contents

Approved by Robert Fox
Revised 08/13

 

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57.1 Policy

  1. In accordance with U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) regulations, Berkeley Lab notified the State Water Resources Control Board (SWRCB) in 1992 that it will comply with the National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System’s general permit for storm-water discharges associated with industrial activity.
  2. Berkeley Lab must:
    1. Maintain an effective and appropriate storm-water drainage system
    2. Ensure that no water other than storm water and SWRCB-approved non-storm-water discharges such as irrigation water, fire-sprinkler-testing water, and air-conditioner condensate enters the storm-water drainage system
    3. Collect, monitor, and properly dispose of all non–storm water.
    4. Identify all operations that could contaminate storm water, and take appropriate corrective measures to prevent storm-water pollution
  3. In addition, Berkeley Lab will notify and secure a General Construction Permit from the SWRCB for any construction projects exceeding one acre in size (Work Process A.3.h).
  4. Berkeley Lab will incorporate post-construction storm-water management into new development and redevelopment plans to protect related watersheds and water bodies from hydrologic-based impacts and pollution associated with the post-construction landscape. Those post-construction requirements are included in the SWRCB Construction General Permit for construction projects exceeding one acre in size. For federal developments greater than 5,000 square feet, Berkeley lab shall implement EISA Section 438.

57.2 Scope

The Storm Water Pollution Prevention Program ensures that Berkeley Lab meets California’s storm-water permit requirements while using the best-available, cost-effective technology to reduce or eliminate storm-water pollution by:

57.3 Applicability

All Berkeley Lab employees, affiliates, and subcontractors

57.4 Exceptions

None

57.5 Roles and Responsibilities

Role

Responsibilities

Principal investigators and supervisors

  • Ensure that environmental laws, regulations, and policies are followed
  • Request assistance from the Environmental Services Group (ESG) for technical advice on which environmental requirements apply to their operations, and what would be an appropriate compliance strategy
  • Provide training for employees in operational requirements pertaining to environmental protection, and maintain records of such training
  • Ensure that activities are performed within acceptable operating standards and that any required records are current
  • Notify the Environment, Health, Safety, and Security (EHSS) Division immediately of any unplanned accidental releases

Employees

  • Follow applicable environmental laws, regulations, and policies
  • Must be fully aware of the environmental impact of their activities, and must comply with all requirements that govern those activities
  • Adhere to all environmental requirements contained in Berkeley Lab storm-water permits
  • Perform activities within acceptable operating standards, and maintain current records whenever required
  • Ensure that exposures of the public and the environment to radioactive emissions are kept as low as reasonably achievable
  • Participate in energy conservation, recycling, pollution-prevention, and waste-minimization programs
  • Take immediate action to stop unplanned releases to the environment, and report all instances of unplanned environmental releases to the EHSS Division
  • Complete all required training provided by supervisors and the EHSS Division

Environmental Services Group

  • Develops Berkeley Lab policies and procedures to ensure operations are conducted in an environmentally safe manner and in full compliance with all applicable environmental laws and regulations and DOE orders
  • Prepares environmental compliance plans and reports as mandated by SWRCB regulations and DOE orders
  • Assesses current and planned Berkeley Lab programs, and assists in defining environmental-protection compliance upgrades and corrective actions
  • Prepares budget requests for, and manages, environmental protection upgrades and corrective actions for institutional projects
  • Provides training, makes presentations, and participates in discussions regarding environmental-protection matters with Berkeley Lab employees, regulatory agencies, concerned public citizens, communityorganizations, and the media
  • Manages and applies for storm-water permits
  • Curtails or suspends any operations that pose an immediatedanger to members of the public or the environment
  • Monitors laboratory discharges to the environment to verify compliance with applicable regulations and permits
  • Investigates reports of unplanned environmental releases, and notifies federal, state, and local authorities in a timely manner, asrequired
  • Coordinates and represents Berkeley Lab activities during environmental audits and inspections by regulatory agencies and DOE
  • Responds to information requests from the public
  • Participates in DOE audits of off-site analytical laboratories to ensure the quality of analytical results received for environmental-monitoring programs

57.6 Definitions

Term

Definition

Effluent

Any treated or untreated liquid discharge from Berkeley Lab or from a Laboratory facility

Environmental monitoring

The collection and analysis of environmental samples or direct measurements of environmental media. Environmental monitoring consists of three major activities: effluent monitoring, environmental surveillance, and meteorological monitoring.

Environmental surveillance

The collection and analysis of samples, or direct measurements of air, water, soil, foodstuff, biota, and other media from Berkeley Lab and its environs, for the purpose of determining compliance with applicable standards and permit requirements, assessing radiation exposures of members of the public, and assessing the effects, if any, on the local environment.

Environmental occurrence

Any sudden or sustained deviation from a regulated or planned performance at an operation that has environmental protection and compliance significance

Pollution prevention

Reducing or eliminating waste at the source by modifying production processes, promoting the use of nontoxic or less-toxic substances, implementing conservation techniques, and reusing materials rather than putting them into the waste stream

State Water Resources Control Board (SWRCB)

The agency responsible for promulgating the California General Permit for Storm Water Discharge Associated with Industrial Activities and the Permit for Storm Water Discharge Associated with Construction Activities. At Berkeley Lab, these permits are administered and enforced by the San Francisco Regional Water Quality Control Board, with assistance from the City of Berkeley.

Sustainable design

A systems approach to design and construction for facilities, systems, and equipment that ensures consideration of the optimization of ecological and human issues in light of acceptable economic constraints. Considerations include measures such as minimizing storm water run-off, optimizing site potential, minimizing energy consumption, protecting and conserving water, using environmentally preferable products and services, enhancing indoor environmental quality, and optimizing operational and maintenance practices.

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)

A federal agency responsible for enforcing environmental laws. In California, some of this responsibility is typically delegated to state and local regulatory agencies.

 

57.7 Required Work Processes

Work Process A. General Requirements

  1. Storm Water Discharge Permit
    1. In accordance with EPA regulations, Berkeley Lab notified the SWRCB in 1992 that it will comply with the National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System’s general permit for storm-water discharges associated with industrial activity.  
    2. The storm-water discharge permit requires Berkeley Lab to implement the best-available cost-effective technology to reduce or eliminate storm-water pollution.
  2. Storm Water Discharge Permit Requirements
    1. Berkeley Lab must:
      1. Maintain an effective and appropriate storm-water drainage system
      2. Ensure that no water other than storm water or SWRCB-approved non-storm-water such as irrigation water, fire-sprinkler-testing water, and air conditioner condensate enters the storm-water drainage system
      3. Collect, monitor, and properly dispose of all non–storm water
      4. Identify all operations that could contaminate storm water, and take appropriate corrective measures
      5. Incorporate post-construction storm-water-management controls into new development and redevelopment plans
  3. Program Implementation
    1. To implement storm-water discharge permit requirements, Berkeley Lab has identified and eliminatedall unauthorized connections to the storm drains.
    2. In addition, outdoor chemical storage areas and transformer pads have been equipped with secondary containment basins.
    3. In accordance with the permit, storm water is monitored during two storms annually to determine the effectiveness of pollution-control practices.
    4. Berkeley Lab also conducts training relevant to storm-water concerns for appropriate employees.
    5. As a practical matter, employees must adhere to the above requirements for any outdoor operations involving water, oil, chemicals, or soils.
    6. Indoor operations must be designed to prevent release of contaminants into the environment, and spills must be reported promptly to allow immediate containment and cleanup.
    7. This program is described in detail in the Berkeley Lab Storm Water Pollution Prevention Plan and Storm Water Monitoring Plan, which are available on the ESG Web site.
    8. In addition, Berkeley Lab will notify and secure a Construction General Permit from the SWRCB for any projects exceeding one acre in size. 
      1. Such projects require their own storm-water pollution-prevention plan and the implementation of best-management practices that are appropriate for the project.

 

57.8 Source Requirements

Other Driving Requirements

57.9 Reference Documents

Document number

Title

Type

007.09.007.003

Alternative Storm Water Monitoring Plan

Plan

007.09.007.004

Storm Water Pollution Prevention Plan for the Lawrence Berkeley National Lab

Plan

007.09.007.005

Storm Water Pollution Prevention Plan for Old Town Demolition and Environmental Restoration

Plan

007.09.007.006

Storm Water Pollution Prevention Plan for Seismic Phase II Project

Plan

007.09.007.007

Storm Water Pollution Prevention Plan for Building 90 User Test Bed Facility

Plan

007.09.007.008

Storm Water Pollution Prevention Plan for Computational Research and Theory Facility

Plan

007.09.007.009

Storm Water Pollution Prevention Plan for Solar Energy Research Center (SERC)

Plan

007.09.007.010

Environmental Monitoring Plan (storm-water discharge section)

Plan

007.09.007.011

ESG Procedure 200, Environmental Reporting and Correspondence

Procedure

007.09.007.012

ESG Procedure 201, Environmental Permitting

Procedure

007.09.007.013

ESG Procedure 206, On-Site Analysis of Environmental Samples

Procedure

007.09.007.014

ESG Procedure 252, Data Quality Objectives and Assessment

Procedure

007.09.007.015

ESG Procedure 254, Sample Processing , Packaging, and Transport

Procedure

007.09.007.016

ESG Procedure 256, ESG Database Verification and Validation

Procedure

007.09.007.017

ESG Procedure 260, Sampling Unauthorized Non-Stormwater Discharges

Procedure

007.09.007.018

ESG Procedure 263, Surface Water Sampling

Procedure

007.09.007.019

ESG Emergency Response Protocol for Sewage and Potable Water Releases

Procedure

 

 

 

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