George Smoot of the Physics Division was awarded the E.O. Lawrence Award for his
leadership in the accurate measurements of the variations in the cosmic
microwave background radiation, clarifying our understanding of the early history
of the universe, the distribution of dark matter, and the formation of stars and
Yuen-Ron Shen of the Materials Sciences Division was elected to the National
Academy of Sciences.
Andrew Sessler of the Center for Beam Physics in the Accelerator and Fusion
Research Division was elected to the position of "President-Elect" of the
American Physical Society, and also awarded the Nicholson Medal for Humanitarian
Service by the American Physical Society.
Paul Alivisatos of the Materials Sciences Division received the Materials
Research Society, Outstanding Young Scientist Award.
David Attwood of the Materials Sciences Division, Center for X-Ray Optics was
awarded a DOE/DMS Award in Solid State Physics for Significant Implication for
Energy Related Technologies.
Alexis Bell of the Materials Sciences Division was elected academic director of
the Governing Board, for the Council of Chemical Research, Inc.
Ian Brown of the Accelerator and Fusion Research Division was elected a Fellow
of The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers for developing the
state-of-the-art MEVVA intense metal (and carbon) vapor vacuum arc ion source for
accelerators and for industry.
Swapan Chattopadhyay of the Center for Beam Physics in the Accelerator and Fusion
Research Division was elected a Fellow of the American Physical Society for his
pioneering studies of fluctuations, coherence and phase-space cooling, and his
contributions to the accelerator physics foundation of PEP-II, an asymmetric
B-factory collider for CP-violation studies.
Daniel Chemla of the Materials Sciences Division received the Quantum
Electronics Award for IEEE Lasers and Electronics, and the Alexander Von Humboldt
Research Award for Senior U.S. Scientists.
John Clarke of the Materials Sciences Division was awarded the IEEE United States
Activities Board Electrotechnology Transfer Award.
LaRoux Gillespie of the Engineering Division was named Outstanding Young
Manufacturing Engineer of 1995 by the Society of Mechanical Engineers for
development of a federal and industrial consortium to assess and reduce
environmental risks in manufacturing.
Robert Glaeser of the Life Sciences Division was awarded the Elizabeth Roberts
Cole Award of the Biophysical Society.
Norman Glendenning of the Nuclear Science Division was awarded the 1995 Humboldt
Research Award for Senior U.S. Scientists.
Ronald Gronsky of the Materials Sciences Division was named a Distinguished
Alumnus of the University of Pittsburg.
Jennie Hunter-Cevera of the Earth Sciences Division was elected as a Fellow to
the American Academy of Microbiology.
Van Jacobson and Steven McCanne of the Information and Computing Sciences
Division received R&D Magazine's 1995 R&D 100 Award for development of a software
toolpack that enables multiparty audio and visual conferencing via the Multicast
Kwang-Je Kim of the Center for Beam Physics in the Accelerator and Fusion
Research Division was elected a Fellow of the American Physical Society for
fundamental contributions to the theory of synchrotron radiation and free
electron laser sources, especially concerning brightness, polarization,
self-amplified spontaneous emission and laser-driven RF guns.
Stephen Lockett of the Life Sciences Division was awarded the Presidential
Research Award from the International Society for Analytical Cytology.
Steven Louie of the Materials Sciences Division received the American Physical
Society's 1996 Aneesur Rahman Prize in Computational Physics.
Tom McEvilly of the Earth Sciences Division received a University of California,
Berkeley Citation for 1995.
Miquel Salmeron of the Materials Sciences Division was awarded a DOE/DMS Award in
Materials Chemistry for Outstanding Scientific Accomplishment.
Gareth Thomas of the Materials Sciences Division and doctoral candidate David
Trejo received one of 100 "Best of What's New" awards for 1995 from Popular
Jiamin Wan of the Earth Sciences Division was awarded the
Langmuir Award from New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology for 1995.
Alexander Zettl of the Materials Sciences Division received the Miller
Professorship for 1995.
Three researchers have been promoted to the Distinguished Scientist
classification at Berkeley Lab for having a sustained history of distinguished
scientific and technical achievements and/or having directly contributed to the
David Nygren of the Physics Division for his invention of the Time Projection
Chamber, which has had a profound effect on both particle and nuclear physics,
and for his pioneering work on pixel detectors. He was also cited for innovative
design for an x-ray imaging device based on silicon detectors, and his current
work in very-large-scale neutrino detectors.
Arthur Poskanzer of the Nuclear Science Division for his leadership in the
Relativistic Nuclear Collisions program, within which the STAR detector has been
developed. He is a pioneer in the use of high energy reactions to produce nuclei
far from stability and is the co-discoverer of 28 isotopes.
Frank Stephens of the Nuclear Science Division for originating and leading the
Gammasphere project, and for his vision, which has advanced the nuclear structure
community. He is one of the foremost authorities on the structure of nuclei and
the relationship of their structure to phenomena in other branches of physics.