n July of 1995, we asked the Regents of the University of California to add the
word "national" to the official name of the Laboratory. This was more than a
symbolic gesture. Today, perhaps more than at any time in its history, the Ernest
Orlando Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory is applying its scientific
excellence and research facilities to advance the frontiers of science and to
solve a broad spectrum of national problems. Whether it is to gain a better
understanding of our world, improve our environment and health, or develop
technologies with long-term value for the economy, Berkeley Lab is truly national
in scope, and international in distinction.
The Laboratory's accomplishments in 1995 offer persuasive evidence to support our commitment. In 1995 the world's most powerful instrument for analyzing gamma ray spectra-the Gammasphere-was dedicated at Berkeley Lab, where it was conceived, designed and built. The Laboratory's newest national user facility will be host to scientists from throughout the nation and the world who will seek new insights into nuclear structure.
It was a year that witnessed groundbreaking for Berkeley Lab's new Human Genome Laboratory, where levels of sequencing productivity will be the highest in the world. The new laboratory will bring together under one roof all of the many research teams that make up our Human Genome Center, one of the three Department of Energy centers dedicated to the national effort to decipher the genetic code. Work at the new laboratory will provide biological and medical researchers across the nation with an unprecedented asset for the diagnosis and prevention of cancer and thousands of other diseases.
It was another year of growth and accomplishment for the Advanced Light Source, with the opening of four new beamlines. Now overcommitted to users on its existing twelve beamlines, the ALS is poised to open five more beamlines in 1996 with the help of the DOE Research Facilities Initiative, approved in 1995. The ALS has begun an era of scientific programs at the forefront of materials research, chemical dynamics, and structural biology, to address national needs for instrumentation in macromolecular and subcellular structure determination.
Perhaps the most important event for the future of scientific inquiry at the Laboratory has been the Department of Energy's selection of Berkeley Lab as the home of the National Energy Research Supercomputing Center. We plan to create a new environment for supercomputing by integrating science and large scale computing as a major cornerstone for the future of scientific research at the Laboratory. Our vision of the future is to build a computing environment which is driven by scientific need and scientific research, utilizing the cutting edge capability of advanced supercomputing analysis. We want to measure our success by new discoveries and understanding in such fields as materials and combustion, molecular structure, fusion, particle physics, and theoretical biology, to name a few.
Another important component of the center will be the ESnet, which will connect our computing capability to other DOE facilities and participating universities.
Other national facilities at Berkeley Lab, including the 88-Inch Cyclotron and the National Center for Electron Microscopy, continue to attract users from academia and industry who seek assistance in probing the mysteries of atomic and sub-atomic worlds. And our diverse mix of scientific programs offers synergistic approaches to improving the country's efforts in energy efficiency and supply, environmental remediation, materials design, and many other areas.
Berkeley Lab's distinctive university affiliations, in particular those with the University of California, build on our historic alliance with UC Berkeley and position us to contribute to programs at hundreds of universities nationwide. Our collaborations with other government agencies, including the National Institutes of Health, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, and the Environmental Protection Agency, add value for all of our citizens, as is fully appropriate for this unique multiprogram national laboratory.
This 1995 report focuses on some of the specific ways Berkeley Lab has contributed to the fabric of research and scientific achievement in America. At the same time, it highlights our commitments to local and regional education and quality of life, and notes the progress we have made in our management goal to deliver the best research support services at the lowest cost.
With fundamental research as our foundation, Berkeley Lab will continue to maintain and enhance its distinctive capabilities to serve the scientific needs of the nation. Officially adding "national" to our name appropriately acknowledges this ongoing leadership commitment.