Peer Review Research and Innovation

Third, the Department will be a leader in examining peer review processes and best practices, and in developing and implementing recommendations for improvements in the application of peer review to today's science and technology environment.


Appendix A

_____________________________________________________________

SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY  FY 92-94
_____________________________________________________________
                                          FY 1993  FY 1994
                                  FY 1992 Adjusted Adjusted
                                  Actual  Approp   Approp
Area                              $M      $M       $M
_____________________________________________________________
FUNDAMENTAL SCIENCE & ENERGY RESEARCH 
       
Energy Research                
Biological & Environmental
  Research                         369.5    380.6    412.3 
Basic Energy Sciences                
Materials Sciences                 253.4    273.3    271.6 
Chemical Sciences                  156.5    163.6    166.3 
Energy Biosciences                  24.4     25.5     26.6 
Engineering & Geosciences           35.4     36.5     37.2 
Applied Math Sciences               80.5     83.9    103.7 
Advanced Energy Projects            54.7     11.0     11.2 
All Other BES                      155.5    258.1    173.8 
Subtotal BES                       760.4    851.9    790.4 
Other Energy Research                
Advanced Neutron Source              0.0      0.0     17.0 
University & Science 
  Education Programs                54.1     55.9     57.9 
Laboratory Technology Transfer      10.0      9.9     39.2 
Multi-Program Laboratory Support    25.6     26.7     41.3 
All Other                           15.8     15.7     20.1 
Subtotal Other ER                  105.5    108.2    175.5 
TOTAL ER                         1,235.4  1,340.7  1,378.2 
_____________________________________________________________
GENERAL SCIENCE 
               
High Energy Physics                618.4    606.1    617.5 
Nuclear Physics                    351.4    306.6    348.6 
SSC Not Including   
  Termination Costs                482.6    515.4      0.0 
All Other                            6.4     21.7)     9.0 
TOTAL GEN SCI                    1,458.8  1,406.4    975.1 
TOTAL FND SCIENCE                2,694.2  2,747.1  2,353.3 
_____________________________________________________________
CIVILIAN ENERGY TECH DEVELOPMENT & RELATED R&D
_____________________________________________________________
CLEAN COAL TECHNOLOGY  
      
Advance Appropriation - 
  Round 4 & 5                      460.1    525.0    400.0 
Appropriation                      (50.0)  (525.0)  (175.0)
TOTAL CCT                          410.1      0.0    225.0 
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FOSSIL ENERGY R&D  
              
Coal                               225.6    186.3    167.3 
Petroleum                           56.5     61.6     75.3 
Natural Gas                         63.2     79.5     96.1 
All Other                           95.2     86.7     92.0 
TOTAL FE  R&D                      440.5    414.1    430.7 
_____________________________________________________________
CONSERVATION R&D
                
Transportation                     109.3    138.6    178.6 
Utility                              4.7      4.9      6.8 
Industry                            96.7    111.7    125.0 
Buildings                           47.1     52.3     81.4 
Policy & Management                  2.7      3.6      4.7 
TOTAL CONS R&D                     260.5    311.1    396.5 
_____________________________________________________________
RENEWABLES R&D   
             
Solar energy                       174.3    186.2    252.3 
Geothermal                          26.9     23.2     24.0 
Hydrogen Research                    0.0      0.0     10.0 
Hydropower                           1.0      1.1      1.1 
Electric Energy Systems             30.4     32.1     38.6 
Energy Storage Systems               7.2     10.2     17.5 
Policy & Management - CE             1.9      2.9      3.9 
TOTAL RENEW R&D                    241.7    255.7    347.4 
_____________________________________________________________
NUCLEAR ENERGY 
               
Civilian Nuclear Power                
Light Water Reactor                61.9      57.8     57.6 
Advanced Reactor R&D               60.0      59.2     41.8 
Facilities                         96.6      92.7      6.7 
Subtotal Civ Nuc Pwr               218.5    209.7    106.1 
       
Space-Related Programs                
Advanced Radioisotope Power         51.9     54.4     52.7 
Space Reactor Power System          40.0     29.8     27.4 
Space Exploration Initiative         5.0      0.0      0.0 
Subtotal Space-Related              96.9     84.2     80.1 
_____________________________________________________________
Others 
               
Oak Ridge Landlord                   0.0      0.0     24.9 
Test Reactor Area Hot Cells          0.0      0.0      1.4 
Test Reactor Area Landlord           0.0      0.0      0.0 
Adv Test Reactor Fusion Irridation   0.0      0.0      0.0 
All Other Except Termination Costs  48.9     48.0     23.1 
Subtotal Others                     48.9     48.0     49.4 
       
TOTAL NE R&D                       364.3    341.9    235.6 
_____________________________________________________________
ENERGY RESEARCH 
             
Fusion Program                     332.2    335.2    343.6 
_____________________________________________________________
URANIUM ENRICHMENT
        
AVLIS                              161.7      0.0      0.0 
Alternative Applications             1.0      0.0      0.0 
TOTAL UE                           162.7      0.0      0.0 
_____________________________________________________________
RADIOACTIVE WASTE R&D
        
Nuclear Waste Fund Activities      275.1    275.1    260.0 
Civilian Waste R&D                   5.1      4.9      0.7 
Defense Nuclear Waste Disposal       0.0    100.0    120.0 
TOTAL  RW                          280.2    380.0    380.7 
_____________________________________________________________
ENVIRONMENTAL RESTORATION & 
  WASTE MGMT 
      
Technology Development  Defense    286.3    333.7    397.5 
Technology Development - Civilian    0.0      0.0      0.0 
TOTAL ER & WM                      286.3    333.7    397.5 
_____________________________________________________________
ES & H - ENVIRONMENTAL R&D
        
Epidemiology & Health 
  Surveillance                      47.7     49.5     49.2 
TOTAL TECH DEVEL & REL R&D       2,826.2  2,421.2  2,806.2 
_____________________________________________________________
NATIONAL SECURITY R&D 
       
Atomic Energy Defense Activities        
Weapons Activities - R&D         1,431.7  1,536.0  1,298.8 
Naval Reactors Development         695.2    730.0    684.4 
Nonproliferation & 
  Verification R&D  1/             210.0    219.9    235.0 
Educations Programs                 49.9     52.6      0.0 
TOTAL NATL SEC R&D               2,386.8  2,538.5  2,218.2 
       
TOTAL DOE                        7,907.2  7,706.8  7,377.7 
_____________________________________________________________
1/ Estimated amount for FY 1992; actual amount not available.    

  
_____________________________________________________________


IV. Core Technical Capabilities of the DOE Laboratories

A. Introduction

The Department of Energy Laboratories are the product of several decades of investment by the nation both in facilities and in a highly trained workforce of scientists, engineers, technicians, and other support personnel. This paper provides quantitative and qualitative information about the core technical capabilities of the laboratories, and about how these capabilities are represented in terms of the laboratories' budgets, personnel levels, replacement value of major facilities, industrial partnerships, patents and licenses, and R&D 100 awards. [Note 23] Short narrative profiles for each of the nine multi-program laboratories and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory are provided to give a fuller picture of the distinguishing characteristics of these institutions.

B. Core Technical Capabilities

Over the past several years, the Department of Energy laboratories increasingly have been using the concepts of "core competencies" and "core technical capabilities" as a means of assessing and managing their key areas of technical strength. The core competency concept has been utilized effectively in the private sector as companies have worked to achieve enhanced focus and market expansion based on their firms' distinctive strengths.[Note 24] In 1993, the Department initiated a process aimed at adapting the core competency methodology to the entire DOE laboratory system. That effort resulted in the first-ever characterization of the core competencies of the DOE laboratories.[Note 25]

DOE defines a core competency as a distinguishing integration of capabilities that enables an organization to deliver mission results and products to its customers. The major criteria which the Department has used to determine its core technical capabilities are:

These criteria helped lead to establishment of the following eight core technical capabilities for the DOE Laboratory System:

C. Guide to Core Technical Capability Data Charts

The following pages provide data on the core technical capabilities of the Department's nine multi-program laboratories and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory. The information is provided in seven different measurement categories, with four pages of data per category. The measurement categories are listed below. The first three of each four-page set of data catalogues information according to the eight core technical capabilities described above. The fourth page in each four-page set captures data about five additional core technical capabilities for specific laboratories, plus a category labeled "other" which represents laboratory strengths that did not fit within the established core capability definitions.

1. Operating Dollars:
Data is for Fiscal Year 1993, based on Budget Authority provided by Congress. Operating budgets do not include construction funds.
2. Full-time Equivalent Employees:
Total staff, by core capability category, at end of Fiscal Year 1993.
3. Replacement Value of Facilities:
Data covers only those major facilities valued at greater than $25 million. Replacement cost based on rebuilding the facility on a "green field" site, without derivative utilization of other established buildings.
4. CRADAs with Industry:
The total number of Cooperative Research and Development Agreements from 1989 through the end of 1993. Approximately 600 CRADAs existed at the end of 1993. As of October 1994, the number had grown to more than 1000.
5. Value of CRADAs with Industry:
This chart provides cost-shared value of the operational CRADAs in effect at the end of Fiscal Year 1993.
6. Patents and Licenses:
For the year 1993, approximately 500 new U.S. patent applications were filed based on laboratory innovations and 410 licenses were awarded.
7. R&D 100 Awards:
These awards are given annually by R&D Magazine to institutions, both public and private, for innovations which have a significant prospect for commercial success. The data covers the award-winning technologies at the laboratories over the period from 1989 through 1993.


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