Powering our vehicles with clean, renewable fuels; recruiting microbial allies to remove toxic pollutants from the environment; discovering the factors that cause healthy cells to turn cancerous—these are just some of the possibilities to be realized from biosciences research at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab). Widely recognized as one of the world's premier research institutes, Berkeley Lab is a U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) national laboratory managed by the University of California (UC). Over the past two decades, Berkeley Lab's mission and staff have outgrown the 200-acre main campus in the hills directly above the UC Berkeley campus. This is especially true for the biosciences, where expanded research in response to national needs has forced programs to be dispersed across five sites spanning 25 miles. To consolidate these programs at a single site, Berkeley Lab has proposed, in partnership with UC Berkeley, the establishment of a second campus with an initial staff of some 800 employees at UC's Richmond Field Station in Richmond, California, a city of approximately 100,000 residents located across the San Francisco Bay from the Golden Gate Bridge. For Berkeley Lab, the Richmond Bay Campus would host cutting-edge bioscience programs designed to provide knowledge that will advance solutions for critical technology problems in bioenergy, environmental systems and the life sciences.